Businessinsider reported on 17. March 2022: European air safety group warns unidentified source is disrupting GPS systems near Russia and Ukraine. The European Union Aviation Safety Agency said GPS systems near Russia and Ukraine are being impacted by an unidentified source.
Disruptions have occurred in places around the Black Sea, eastern Finland, and the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea.
The warning comes as sanctions block parts, maintenance, and support to Russian airlines.

“In the current context of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the issue of Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS) jamming and/or possible spoofing has intensified in geographical areas surrounding the conflict zone and other areas,” the European Union Aviation Safety Agency said in a bulletin.

The EASA said the regions where navigation systems have been impacted are around the Black Sea and in neighboring states, eastern Finland, and the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea — all of which are close to or near Russia’s borders.

It’s not possible to predict the extent of any disruptions on aircraft, the EASA said, but it could lead to a loss of waypoint navigation or prevent runway approach.

October 2015 OsnetDaily.com reported: Russian Jamming System Blocks All NATO Electronics Inside Bubble 600 Km in Diameter over Syria

New Russian Jamming System Near Latakia Blocks All NATO Electronics Inside Bubble 600 Km in Diameter; Radar, Satellites, Communications All Disrupted; System Shifts Military Balance in Favor of Russia

From the combat zone in northern Syria comes news of the deployment of a new Russian electronic jamming system which can reportedly blind radar, disrupt electronic guidance systems, and interfere with satellite imagery as well. As a result, NATO is effectively blinded inside a bubble of 600 km in diameter centered on the Russian base at Latakia, reports, Thierry Meyssan from Damascus.
The technology in question seems similar to the KRET Richag-AV system, although it apparently functions on a larger scale. A tactical version of this system was presented to journalists in the Russian city of Back in April 2015. As Sputnik reported then:

The Richag-AV system, mounted on the Mi-8MTPR1 (a variant of the Mi-8MTB5-1 helicopter) is said to have no global equivalent.

Its electronic countermeasures system is designed to jam radar, sonar and other detection systems in the aims of defending aircraft, helicopters, drones, ground and naval forces against air-to-air and surface-to-air defense systems within a radius of several hundred kilometers. It can be mounted on units from any branch of the armed forces, including helicopters and airplanes, as well as ground and ship-based forces. The Mi8-MTPR1-based Richag-AV platform, using multi-beam antenna arrays with DRFM technology, is designed to actively jam and thus ‘blind’ radar systems in order to defend against radio-electronic guided weapons systems. In a combat situation, the system would operate as part of an aviation shock attack group aimed at breaking through virtually any defense system, blinding everything up to and including the US MIM-104 ‘Patriot’ anti-aircraft missile system.

NATO supreme commander and US Air Force General Philip Breedlove was probably talking about this new KRET system when he addressed the German Marshall Fund on Monday, September 28. Here Breedlove had warned that Russia was creating an “A2/AD bubble” over the Syrian coast, and the eastern Mediterranean. A2/AD is the abbreviation for anti-access and area denial. Breedlove pointed out that Russia has already established such bubbles over the Baltic Sea at the Russian exclave of Kaliningrad, and also over the Crimea and the black Sea.

While Russia’s stated goal in moving into Syria is to fight the Islamic State, NATO’s top commander believes Russia’s new presence includes the first pieces of an intricate layer of defensive systems deployed to hinder U.S. and coalition operations in the region. “As we see the very capable air defense [systems] beginning to show up in Syria, we’re a little worried about another A2/AD bubble being created in the eastern Mediterranean,” said Breedlove to an audience at the German Marshall Fund Monday. A2/AD stands for anti-access/area denial. During the early stages of warfare, A2/AD could have been a moat around a castle, or spikes dug into the ground—anything to keep the enemy off a certain swathe of territory. In the 21st century, however, A2/AD is a combination of systems such as surface-to-air missile batteries and anti-ship missiles deployed to prevent forces from entering or traversing a certain area—from land, air or sea.

According to Breedlove, the introduction of an A2/AD bubble in Syria would be Russia’s third denial zone around Europe. The first and oldest he said, was in the Baltics where the Russian naval base in Kaliningrad has robust anti-air capabilities. The second zone—originating from Russian-occupied Crimea—covers the Black Sea. “Russia has developed a very strong A2/AD capability in the Black Sea,” said Breedlove. “Essentially their [anti-ship] cruise missiles range the entire Black Sea, and their air defense missiles range about 40 to 50 percent of the Black Sea.

In addition, the Russian military had provided a demonstration of their ability to blind even the sophisticated Aegis phased array radar, which is part of the equipment of modern US cruisers and destroyers. This incident came during the Crimean crisis of spring 2014, when the US sent a destroyer into the Black Sea. This ship was repeatedly buzzed up by a Russian Sukhoi-24 jet fighter, which was able to cripple the radar guidance the systems of the vessel. Here is a summary of the incident from Live Leak:

The US destroyer USS Donald Cook, equipped with Tomahawk cruise missiles entered the neutral waters of the Black Sea on April 10, 2014. The purpose was a demonstration of force and intimidation in connection with the position of Russia in Ukraine and Crimea. The appearance of American warships in these waters is in contradiction of the Montreux Convention about the nature and duration of stay in the Black Sea by the military ships of countries not washed by this sea.

In response, Russia sent an unarmed bomber Su- 24 to fly around the U.S. destroyer. However, experts say that this plane was equipped with the latest Russian electronic warfare complex. According to this version, Aegis spotted from afar the approaching aircraft, and sounded alarm. Everything went normally, and the American radars calculated the speed of the approaching target. But suddenly all the screens went blank. Aegis was not working any more, and the rockets could not get target information. Meanwhile, Su-24 flew over the deck of the destroyer, did battle turn and simulated a missile attack on the target. Then it turned and repeated the maneuver. And did so 12 times.

14Ts033 Nudol PL-19 Anti-Satellite

The long-range (transatmospheric) mobile based interceptor missile 14TS033 “Nudol” two-stage anti-missile can be a means of destruction of the new A-235 missile defense system, which is being developed in addition to the A-135 complex deployed around Moscow. The missile is designed to destroy the warheads of intercontinental ballistic missiles and spacecraft in low orbits. In July 2020, the commander-in-chief of the Russian Aerospace Forces, Sergei Surovikin, announced that they would strengthen Moscow’s missile defense system with new interceptor missiles. A year earlier, in June 2019, Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu said that the modernization of Moscow’s missile defense system is planned to be completed by 2022.

The Russian PL-19 Nudol system is a variant of the A-235 anti-missile system developed by the Nudol Design Bureau), is primarily focused on anti-satellite missions. Often mentioned in the media, “Nudol”, contrary to popular misconception, has nothing to do with missile defense. It is an anti-satellite complex that is currently being tested and on the basis of which the long-range echelon of the anti-missile defense system will probably be recreated in the future. It had been tested seven times by January 2019. It is the 19th system observed at the Plesetsk launch facility [hence PL-19] according to US military intelligence. It is expected that Russian anti-satellite weapons will be aimed at communications satellites and imagery intelligence satellites in low Earth orbit.

“Nudol” is a two-stage solid fuel rocket which is stored in sealed transport-launch container, and in a combat position located in the special silo. There are capable of intercepting nuclear warheads and advanced hypersonic aircraft in near space and the stratosphere. The performance characteristics “Nudol” are much superior to its predecessor — missile complex A-135 “Cupid.” So, it can hit a target at a distance up to 1,500 kilometers (850 kilometers from the A-135), and interception rate increased to Mach 10 (compared to the Mach 3.5 of the A-135).

Is Russia ready for Nuclear war? Yes. According to Zhirinovsky: “This is our last fight against Nato. Half of Europe will be burned. Half of the America will be burned.”

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